Difference between Linux and Windows


Difference between Linux and Windows


Table of contents:

  • Introduction
  • What is Windows?
  • What is Linux?
  • Difference between Linux and Windows
  • Conclusion
  • FAQs




Whenever you work on your laptop or PC, you see and use certain applications and software solutions that you have been using for a very long time. Their icons look familiar and working on them has become a habit for many of us. Even today, to write this blog, I am using Microsoft Word to share all this information with you.


Our topic of discussion for today is the Difference between Linux and Windows. Both of these are operating systems that are different from each other in many ways. We all know about Windows and its origin. But there are very few who know about Linux as an operating system.


Today, with this article we will try to find out more about the Linux OS and its origins. With that, we will try to find out some differences between Linux and Windows. So, let us delve into the world of operating systems without further ado.


What is Windows?


The first ever operating system that the world got to know about was Microsoft Windows. Developed by Microsoft, Windows became a household name for millions of people across the globe and it became a sensation at that time. today, Microsoft is one of the largest tech companies in the world and it is constantly changing its Operating System to make it more useful for its customers.


One of the most popular operating systems in the world is Windows. Windows, which is renowned for having an intuitive interface, has long dominated the personal computer market. From Windows 95 to the most recent version, Windows 11, its versions have had a significant impact on how people use computers.


Windows is the most highly used OS in the world also because it was developed much earlier than any other OS in the world right now. Everyone in India has used Microsoft Windows at least once in their lifetime. This says a lot about an OS that is currently ruling the Indian IT sector. There are other Operating Systems that are lining up as a competition to Windows but they are still working in small customer bases in India.


What is Linux?


Another operating system that is becoming more and more popular worldwide is Linux. Linux users are becoming much more prevalent and are leaving their impact on the IT sector. Unlike Windows, Linux is an open-source kernel for an operating system that resembles Unix and was first created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds, an Ace Developer.


Linux is unique in that it fosters collaboration; anybody may alter and share the source code without restriction. As a result, there are a variety of Linux distributions (distros) available, each meeting different requirements and tastes. For the common public in India, Linux is an unknown entity because our markets have not catered to Linux enthusiasts the way they should have. Recently, with the initiatives of the Government, Linux has been introduced in all government offices as the security systems of Linux are much more highly rated than Windows. Now, let us learn about a few differences between Linux and Windows.



Difference between Linux and Windows

  1. Cost:

    1. Windows operating systems are usually accompanied by a price tag. To use the OS legally, users must obtain a license.
    2. Linux: On the other hand, the majority of Linux distributions follow the open-source tenet of being free to use. There are no license costs associated with the download, installation, and distribution of Linux by users.
  2. User Interface:

  3. Windows: Well-known for its graphical user interface (GUI), Windows offers a recognizable setting with menus, taskbars, and icons, making it an easy-to-use platform for novices.
  4. Linux: There are many different Linux distributions, and many of them use desktop environments like GNOME or KDE. While some distributions, like Ubuntu, aim to mimic Windows’ user interface, others take a more command-line-focused, minimalistic approach.
  5. Security:

    1. Windows: Because Windows is so widely used, it has historically been a target for viruses and spyware. Windows Defender is one of the better security measures in more recent versions, though.
    2. Linux: Linux has a strong security reputation. Because of its permission-based structure, there is less chance of viruses and illegal access because users have restricted access to important system files.
  6. Software Compatibility:

    1. Windows: Windows compatibility is a crucial consideration in the development of most commercial software. Because of this, people who depend on a variety of programs choose it first.
    2. Linux: Although the operating system has significantly improved its software compatibility, some proprietary programs and games might not be accessible. Nonetheless, this constraint is offset by the availability of open-source alternatives.



In the eternal clash between Linux and Windows, the choice boils down to personal preference, purpose, and the level of customization one seeks. Windows caters to a vast audience with its user-friendly interface and extensive software compatibility, while Linux offers a robust, secure environment for those who prefer open-source flexibility. Each has its strengths and weaknesses, and the decision ultimately rests on the user’s specific needs.




  1. Can I run Windows software on Linux?
    • Yes, some methods, such as Wine or virtualization, allow users to run certain Windows applications on Linux. However, not all programs are compatible.
  2. Is Linux more secure than Windows?
    • Generally, Linux is considered more secure due to its permission-based system. However, the level of security also depends on user practices and system configurations.
  3. Which is better for gaming, Linux, or Windows?
    • Windows is still the preferred choice for gaming due to its extensive support from game developers. However, Linux gaming has improved over the years with tools like Proton and compatibility layers.
  4. Do I need antivirus software on Linux?
    • While Linux is less susceptible to viruses, it’s not immune. It’s advisable to use antivirus software, especially on Linux systems connected to the internet.
  5. Are there Linux alternatives for popular Windows applications?
    • Yes, many open-source alternatives exist. For instance, LibreOffice can replace Microsoft Office, and GIMP can substitute Adobe Photoshop.
  6. Can I customize the Linux desktop like Windows?
    • Yes, Linux offers a high level of customization. Users can choose from various desktop environments and themes, tailoring the appearance and functionality to their liking.

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